What are the types of sculpture crafts/craft sculptures
Space occupation classification, round carving and relief, relief is divided into high relief, low relief, invisible carving and open carving. Material processing classification, stone carving, bronze carving (metal casting and forging), wood carving, root carving, jade carving, etc. The functions are divided into urban sculptures, shelf sculptures, gift sculptures, miniature sculptures and so on.
1. Sculpture refers to ornamental objects and memorials that are carved to beautify the city or used for commemorative significance, and have a certain meaning, symbol or pictogram. Sculpture is a type of plastic art.
Also known as carving, it is the general term for the three creative methods of carving, engraving and moulding. Refers to the use of various plastic materials (such as plaster, resin, clay, etc.) or hard materials that can be carved and carved (such as wood, stone, metal, jade, agate, aluminum, glass steel, sandstone, copper, etc.) to create A visual and tangible artistic image with a certain space, which reflects social life and expresses the artist's aesthetic feelings, aesthetic emotions, and aesthetic ideals. The engraving and engraving reduce the engravable material, and the plastic piles up the plastic material to achieve the purpose of artistic creation.
2. Development history
The production and development of sculpture in the ancient garden are closely related to human production activities, and at the same time, it is directly affected by social ideologies such as religion and philosophy in various eras. When humans were still in the Paleolithic Age, primitive stone carvings and bone carvings appeared. Sculpture is a relatively permanent art. The traditional concept believes that sculpture is a static, visible, and tangible three-dimensional object. Through sculpture, it resorts to visual spatial images to reflect reality, so it is considered to be the most typical plastic art. , Static art and space art.
With the development of science and technology and the change of people's concepts, anti-traditional four-dimensional sculptures, five-dimensional sculptures, sound and light sculptures, dynamic sculptures and soft sculptures have appeared in modern art. This is due to the emergence of Einstein’s theory of relativity, breaking through the world view established by Newton’s theory, changing people’s view of time and space, enabling sculpture art to understand and express the world from a higher level, breaking through three-dimensional, visual, and static. Form, explore the multi-dimensional space-time mentality.